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Filmmaking

Lights, Camera, Action!

The ocean has been the backdrop for some of the greatest movies. It has also been the backdrop for many mediocre movies, but hey, that’s not the ocean’s fault. The point is that for a filmmaker, the ocean provides you with an incredibly wide range of cinematic moods and settings. From beauty to terror to adventure, the ocean has it all. And the reason it all works so well is that anyone who has spent any time in the ocean has, at one time or another, probably experienced exactly what is being portrayed on the screen. After all, haven’t we all wondered what is lurking just below our feet? It may be difficult to identify with an action hero jumping from one speeding train to another but show a scene of feet treading water just below the ocean surface, and your spine begins to tingle because you know that the shark isn’t far off.

But when it comes to movies, most of us tend to focus on the finished product. Even if all we know about film is how to stream them, we can all appreciate the tremendous amount of time and effort that goes into the creative process. For a big-budget studio movie, that process involves multiple stages of production and requires the skills of dozens and dozens of different types of professionals. But even for smaller-budget, independent films, the process is almost the same, albeit on a reduced scale and with people doubling or even tripling up on jobs. Because filmmaking involves such a wide range of professions – from screenwriter to electrician to stunt coordinator – we can only provide you with the most general overview of the filmmaking industry. Therefore, we highly recommend that you take advantage of the filmmaking books we have provided as they include some classics of the movie industry that are still required reading at most film schools. And while on the subject of film school, we cannot overemphasize the benefits of pursuing a degree in some aspect of filmmaking. This is a highly competitive industry where even the twenty-something working in the mailroom is a most-likely a graduate of a prestigious film school. Unless you are a child prodigy, not having that degree will leave you at a disadvantage.

Having said that, we can give you some insight into the various stages of the movie-making process and the types of professions associated with each particular stage.

Development

The development stage includes fleshing out the story idea, working the script into a viable first draft, and figuring out how to finance the movie. The key individuals involved in this stage of the process are the screenwriter and the producer.

Preproduction

Pre-production is the planning process and execution of each task that must take place before production begins, including finalizing the shooting script, setting the budget, hiring department heads, breaking down the script, storyboarding and shot listing the scenes, scouting and securing locations, casting actors, hiring crew, and scheduling shoot days. Preproduction officially begins once the script is locked and involves the director, cinematographer, producer, first assistant director, production managers, line producers, production coordinators, and location managers. Once this stage is complete, the film is ready to be shot.

Production

Production is the stage where the movie is filmed. Actors perform on camera, lighting crews illuminate the set, camera crews capture the action, sound crews capture audio, and creative designers oversee costumes, makeup, props, and scenery. In addition to the director, who oversees the entire operation, other professionals involved during the production stage include the production manager, assistant production manager, production coordinator, assistant directors, production designer, art director, set designer, set decorator, propmaster, costume designer, makeup artist, director of photography, camera operator, gaffer, key grip, boom operator, stunt coordinator, special effects coordinator, and production assistants.

Postproduction

Post-Production is the stage after production when the filming is completed, and the editing of the visual and audio materials begins. The postproduction process involves editing footage, creating sound effects, composing an original score, sourcing existing songs, and cutting a trailer. Key professionals needed during the postproduction stage include the postproduction supervisor, editor, colorist, visual effects producer, sound designer, dialogue editor, composer, music editor, and sound editor.

Distribution

Distribution is the final stage of production, which occurs after the movie has been edited and is ready for viewing. Depending on the distribution deal entered into, the film will be released in theaters, on DVD, or onto an alternative digital media platform. Press kits, posters, and other advertising materials are published, and the film is advertised and promoted. This stage involves sales, lawyers, and dealmakers.

The path to becoming a filmmaker

The Path to Becoming a Filmmaker

From High School to Your First Job

Build a Solid Academic Foundation

Basics:

Filmmaking is a form of storytelling, so take as many advanced writing classes as possible. Take courses in fiction, short story, nonfiction, humor, creative writing, poetry, and, if offered at your school, screenwriting or playwriting. Join the film club if your school has one or the drama club if they do not.

Recommended:

If you are interested in creating firms related to or involving the ocean, then take classes (whether in school or online) that will help you better understand the milieu in which you will be working. You will find that courses in marine biology, oceanography, conservation science, and ecology are beneficial.

Keep in Mind:

There is an abundance of excellent online courses that can help you learn all the basics of filmmaking. But once you understand the basics, there is no greater learning opportunity than getting out there and giving moviemaking a try. Every film you make will help you make an even better film the next time around.

Dive In!

And become an expert

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Puruse our library of must-read books

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jump on your Academic career

There’s no substitute for experience.

We have compiled a database of thousands of internships, research opportunities, academic programs and specialized training programs so you can get a jump on your academic career.

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Internships

Research

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Academic Training Programs

And if you need support to fulfill your dreams and ambitions, our searchable database has plenty of scholarship opportunities as well as programs designed to increase diversity.

Scholarships

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Diversity, Equity & Inclusion

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Need Help Finding Your Opportunity?

Our video tutorials explain the ins and outs of landing a great internship, research project or training program.

 

Make all the right moves

Advice from those who know

Don’t let a lack of experience stop you from making your first film

Expect problems and transcend them

Learn everything you possibly can about the subject of your film

Cultivate connections in the industry

Let the story be your guide

Be familiar with the conditions, environment, and activities you are shooting

Know your equipment

Join professional societies and organizations

Stay current by reading literary and artistic magazines

What degree is right for you?

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Undergraduate

While there are no formal requirements to become a filmmaker, a bachelor’s degree in film and television production is recommended as it will provide you with an opportunity to acquire many of the skills necessary to work in the field, as well as gain experience with projects and establish contacts in the film industry.

Graduate

Even if you do not pursue a film degree at the undergraduate level, many schools offer a master’s program in filmmaking. In graduate school, you will learn the art and technique of visual storytelling, including directing, cinematography, editing, and postproduction sound design. You will also have access to better job opportunities.

10 Schools With Excellent Filmmaking Programs

Want to see the full list of colleges and universities with degree offerings or relevant courses?

See the full list

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Cinematic Arts, Film and Television Production
University of Southern California

Film and Television
University of California Los Angeles

Screenwriting/Directing
Columbia University

Film Production
Chapman University

Film Studies
Wesleyan University

Film and Video
California Institute of the Arts

Film and Television Production
Loyola Marymount University

Film Art
Emerson

Film & Media Studies
Stanford University

Tip 1

Advancement in the film industry is all about making connections. Try and land an internship or an entry-level position with a studio or production company and then latch on to someone higher up and make yourself indispensable.

Tip 2

Watching is learning, and the more films you watch, the more adept you will become at understanding the techniques being employed and skills utilized. Think of each film as a master class and an opportunity for you to learn something new.

Tip 3

No matter what aspect of the filmmaking industry you pursue – screenwriting, production, directing, technical, acting – you will face a tremendous amount of rejection. You need to believe in yourself and continue to persevere.

Have familiarity with one or more of the following areas

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Cameras and lighting

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Sound editing and recording

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Written and visual storytelling

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Cinematography

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Communications

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Drones

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Movie editing software

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Screenwriting

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Narration

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Motion graphics

Typical Job Functions of a Filmmaker

Here are some of the interesting things you could be doing.

Developing the initial story or concept.

Dealing with scripting.

Scouting shooting locations.

Assembling and managing the crew.

Coordinating with all the other relevant parties.

Make sure everything is done by the budget, schedule, and the film’s intended style.

Handling post-production tasks.

Managing the release of the finished product.

There’s an Ocean of Possibilities

Becoming a filmmaker is a great way to combine your passion for advocating for the ocean with your artistic talents. First, you will need to learn the skills you need for your role. The best way to do this is by a mix of film education and work experience. You will find plenty of low-budget film projects that need additional crew if you search online. This work won’t be well paid, so see this first step as practice.

Typical positions in the profession include:

  • Director
  • Screenwriter
  • Researcher
  • Communications
  • Animator
  • Narrator
  • Editor
  • Motion Graphics Designer
  • Production
  • Lighting Engineer
  • Music Editor
  • Sound Designer
  • Set Designer
  • Makeup Artist
  • Director of Photographer
  • Camera Operator

Common employers include:

  • Studio Movie Production Companies
  • Independent Film Companies
  • Television Production Companies
  • Media Companies
  • Nonprofit Organizations
  • Music and Entertainment Industry
  • Sports Industry

Start your career search with our extensive list of employment websites.